Inclusiveness

Inclusiveness in the Nepalese Army

Nepal is a multiethnic, multilingual, multi-religious and multicultural country with a common aspiration and commitment to a united bond of allegiance to national independence, integrity, national interests and prosperity. By virtue of its diversity, the government seeks to provide more inclusive state institutions. But despite of its efforts, the issue of inclusion (Samabesikaran) of different castes, ethnic groups, genders and regions have been frequently raised in the country. In the Gurkha Regiments of foreign armies, the practice of recruiting from specific ethnic groups is still prevalent. But in the case of the Nepalese Army, it has always endeavored to maintain a national character principally in terms of inclusion of all castes, ethnic communities, genders, regions and religions.

Maintaining its tradition and reflecting the spirit of the institution, the Nepalese Army incorporating a system of reservation. This practice was prevalent in the Nepalese Army decades before the Government of Nepal implemented the policy on inclusion in the state legislature. The Nepalese Army has ethnic based battalions from Magar, Gurung, Tamang, Kiranti/Limbu and Madhesi communities. The total strength of these five battalions is about 3950, which make 4.2% of current strength. In the rest of the formations, units and subunits all castes / ethnic communities, religions and regions are given an equal opportunity based on open competition.

In compliance to the Nepalese Law, which states that 45% of all vacant government positions be reserved for excluded groups, the Army in 2006, amended its Army Act. After which, out of the 45% reserved position within the Nepal Army 20% is reserved for women, 32% for Janajati, 28% for Madheshi, 15% for Dalit and 5% for remote regions.

Recruitment is voluntary and competitive. Hence forcing citizens to sign up in the proportion of the demographic breakup of the nation would violate the rights of the people who may not want to join the Army and at the same time be unfair to those qualified and wishing to join.

It is true that the racial and cultural character of the Nepalese Army is not a mirror image of the national picture but it depicts a picture which is far closer than most of the other organs of the state. The recruitment in the Nepalese Army is entirely voluntary in composition. The Army has been making a conscious effort in including as many of the minority groups as possible. It has aimed for inclusiveness since ages in the past. In recent times, the Army has also made important strides towards gender inclusiveness.

Presented below is a comparative table in which various castes and ethnic communities represented in Nepalese Army.

State of Castes/Ethnic Inclusion in the Nepalese Army
(As of August 26, 2016)
S.No.
Caste/Ethnic Groups
Total Representation in NA
(%) of Total Representation in NA
(a)
(b)
(C)
(d)
1
KSHATRI
39721
43.176
2
BRAHMAN
8093
8.797
3
MAGAR
7253
7.884
4
NEWAR
5577
6.062
5
TAMANG
4934
5.363
6
THAKURI
3213
3.492
7
THARU
3021
3.284
8
KAMI
2891
3.142
9
GURUNG
2753
2.992
10
RAI
2278
2.476
11
CHAUDHARI
1773
1.927
12
JOGI
1718
1.867
13
PARIYAR
1074
1.167
14
SARKI
969
1.053
15
LIMBU
717
0.779
16
KUMAL
698
0.759
17
THAKUR
664
0.722
18
DAMAI
662
0.720
19
BHUJEL
494
0.537
20
GHARTI
373
0.405
21
NEPALI
340
0.370
22
MAJHI
273
0.297
23
SUNUWAR
262
0.285
24
YADAB
240
0.261
25
PODE
144
0.157
26
DURA
138
0.150
27
DANUWAR
126
0.137
28
DARAI
117
0.127
29
SHERPA
115
0.125
30
RAJBANSHI
114
0.124
31
RANA
89
0.097
32
DHIMAL
82
0.089
33
MADHESI
57
0.062
34
KHATWE
55
0.060
35
CHAMAR
50
0.054
36
JIREL
49
0.053
37
MAHATO
35
0.038
38
MANDAL
34
0.037
39
DHANUK
33
0.036
40
BOTE
33
0.036
41
TELI
33
0.036
42
DOM
32
0.035
43
PAHARI
31
0.034
44
MUSLIM
27
0.029
45
KASAI
24
0.026
46
MECHE
23
0.025
47
NAU
22
0.024
48
DUSADH
22
0.024
49
DHOBI
21
0.023
50
TATMA
21
0.023
51
MEHATA
19
0.021
52
SAH
19
0.021
53
HAYU
15
0.016
54
RAJPUT
15
0.016
55
CHEPANG
15
0.016
56
GAINE
14
0.015
57
KURMI
13
0.014
58
THAMI
13
0.014
59
GUPTA
13
0.014
60
BADI
13
0.014
61
TAMATA
12
0.013
62
SHAH
11
0.012
63
JHA
11
0.012
64
URAWA
10
0.011
65
KUBER
10
0.011
66
PASWAN
9
0.010
67
SADA
9
0.010
68
THAKALI
8
0.009
69
KUMAI
8
0.009
70
RAJI
8
0.009
71
MUSAHAR
8
0.009
72
KANU
7
0.008
73
DAS
6
0.007
74
LAWAD
6
0.007
75
KUSWAHA
6
0.007
76
TAJPURIYA
6
0.007
77
SUDI
5
0.005
78
SARDAR
5
0.005
79
SANTHAL
5
0.005
80
JHAGAD
5
0.005
81
OD
5
0.005
82
KAPAR
4
0.004
83
TIRUWA
4
0.004
84
CHUNARA
4
0.004
85
MALAHA
4
0.004
86
KALAR
3
0.003
87
RAJDHOB
3
0.003
88
SATAR
3
0.003
89
SAHANI
3
0.003
90
PHARSWAN
3
0.003
91
PASI
3
0.003
92
BARMA
3
0.003
93
SRIVASTAVA
3
0.003
94
DHAL
2
0.002
95
DHEGA
2
0.002
96
GURDHAMI
2
0.002
97
KEWAR
2
0.002
98
CHHANTYAL
2
0.002
99
JOHARI
2
0.002
100
KABIRATH
2
0.002
101
DAUDI
2
0.002
102
DEO
2
0.002
103
GAHATE
2
0.002
104
DEVJAN
2
0.002
105
KEWAT
2
0.002
106
SINHA
2
0.002
107
SAMAT
2
0.002
108
KUMHAR
2
0.002
109
PAWE
2
0.002
110
LODH
2
0.002
111
SUTIHAR
2
0.002
112
MAKRA
2
0.002
113
TABDAR
1
0.001
114
SUTPARAI
1
0.001
115
CHILAUNE
1
0.001
116
CHITAURE
1
0.001
117
CHUNDALI
1
0.001
118
CHUWAIN
1
0.001
119
DALA
1
0.001
120
SULI
1
0.001
121
TADI
1
0.001
122
SHEKH
1
0.001
123
CHAIHAN
1
0.001
124
DATTA
1
0.001
125
SHAHU
1
0.001
126
DAUT
1
0.001
127
DAYALE
1
0.001
128
SERMA
1
0.001
129
SAUKE
1
0.001
130
DHADI
1
0.001
131
SANWAT
1
0.001
132
SOB
1
0.001
133
BELAL
1
0.001
134
BACHHAR
1
0.001
135
WAYAK
1
0.001
136
BAG
1
0.001
137
BAHAKARI
1
0.001
138
BAITHA
1
0.001
139
BARAGHARE
1
0.001
140
BARAKOTI
1
0.001
141
BARGHARE
1
0.001
142
TITARA
1
0.001
143
BARWATI
1
0.001
144
CHANDRABAN
1
0.001
145
BEGNASI
1
0.001
146
SAITHBAR
1
0.001
147
BHIYAL
1
0.001
148
BHUJAWA
1
0.001
149
THYAITA
1
0.001
150
BHUMIHAR
1
0.001
151
THAMPHARA
1
0.001
152
TARIYA
1
0.001
153
CHACHHARA
1
0.001
154
CHADARO
1
0.001
155
RAUT KURMI
1
0.001
156
TAKMEL
1
0.001
157
BASHAHI
1
0.001
158
LOTHYAL
1
0.001
159
MUDIYARI
1
0.001
160
MEDANIYA
1
0.001
161
MARWODI
1
0.001
162
MARIK
1
0.001
163
KAHAR
1
0.001
164
KALAL
1
0.001
165
MARAU
1
0.001
166
KAMAT
1
0.001
167
MADARNIYA
1
0.001
168
ROSHYARA
1
0.001
170
NUNIYA
1
0.001
171
KAUSHA
1
0.001
172
LOPPA
1
0.001
173
LONIYA
1
0.001
174
KHADLUK
1
0.001
175
KHANG
1
0.001
176
KOHAR
1
0.001
177
KOLI
1
0.001
178
LEKHI
1
0.001
179
YOLA
1
0.001
180
ANSARI
1
0.001
181
MABO
1
0.001
182
GARANGA
1
0.001
183
KUPAR
1
0.001
184
DIYAL
1
0.001
185
KUMAR
1
0.001
186
DUMJAN
1
0.001
187
RAUB
1
0.001
188
DURAL
1
0.001
189
RAM
1
0.001
190
GADARIYA
1
0.001
191
GADERI
1
0.001
192
RAJWAR
1
0.001
193
MUDVARI
1
0.001
194
GAMAL
1
0.001
195
MURAU
1
0.001
196
GAREDI
1
0.001
197
GHARALA
1
0.001
198
PHULARA
1
0.001
199
GODIYA
1
0.001
200
GORATHOKI
1
0.001
201
GOTH
1
0.001
202
GUICHE
1
0.001
203
PELA
1
0.001
204
PABE
1
0.001
205
SAI
1
0.001
206
PODAR
1
0.001
TOTAL
91998
100.000
Source: AG Dept (Army Records Office), Army HQ

 

 
 
 
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