Inclusiveness

Inclusiveness in the Nepalese Army

Nepal is a multiethnic, multilingual, multi-religious and multicultural country with a common aspiration and commitment to a united bond of allegiance to national independence, integrity, national interests and prosperity. By virtue of its diversity, the government seeks to provide more inclusive state institutions. But despite of its efforts, the issue of inclusion (Samabesikaran) of different castes, ethnic groups, genders and regions have been frequently raised in the country. In the Gurkha Regiments of foreign armies, the practice of recruiting from specific ethnic groups is still prevalent. But in the case of the Nepalese Army, it has always endeavored to maintain a national character principally in terms of inclusion of all castes, ethnic communities, genders, regions and religions.

Maintaining its tradition and reflecting the spirit of the institution, the Nepalese Army incorporating a system of reservation. This practice was prevalent in the Nepalese Army decades before the Government of Nepal implemented the policy on inclusion in the state legislature. The Nepalese Army has ethnic based battalions from Magar, Gurung, Tamang, Kiranti/Limbu and Madhesi communities. The total strength of these five battalions is about 3950, which make 4.2% of current strength. In the rest of the formations, units and subunits all castes / ethnic communities, religions and regions are given an equal opportunity based on open competition.

In compliance to the Nepalese Law, which states that 45% of all vacant government positions be reserved for excluded groups, the Army in 2006, amended its Army Act. After which, out of the 45% reserved position within the Nepal Army 20% is reserved for women, 32% for Janajati, 28% for Madheshi, 15% for Dalit and 5% for remote regions.

Recruitment is voluntary and competitive. Hence forcing citizens to sign up in the proportion of the demographic breakup of the nation would violate the rights of the people who may not want to join the Army and at the same time be unfair to those qualified and wishing to join.

It is true that the racial and cultural character of the Nepalese Army is not a mirror image of the national picture but it depicts a picture which is far closer than most of the other organs of the state. The recruitment in the Nepalese Army is entirely voluntary in composition. The Army has been making a conscious effort in including as many of the minority groups as possible. It has aimed for inclusiveness since ages in the past. In recent times, the Army has also made important strides towards gender inclusiveness.

Presented below is a comparative table in which various castes and ethnic communities represented in Nepalese Army are compared with their respective population size.

State of Castes/Ethnic Inclusion in the Nepalese Army
(As of June 22, 2016)

S.No.

Caste/Ethnic Groups

Total Representation in NA

(%) of Total Representation in NA

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

1 CHHETREE 39890 43.15
2 BRAHMAN 8122 8.79
3 MAGAR 7113 7.69
4 NEWAR 5586 6.04
5 TAMANG 4963 5.37
6 THAKURI 3232 3.50
7 THARU 2769 3.00
8 KAMI 2895 3.13
9 GURUNG 3037 3.28
10 RAI 2294 2.48
11 CHAUDHARI 1782 1.93
12 JOGI 1733 1.87
13 PARIYAR 1078 1.17
14 SARKI 974 1.05
15 LIMBU 724 0.78
16 KUMAL 702 0.76
17 DAMAI 667 0.72
18 THAKUR 667 0.72
19 GHARTI 593 0.64
20 BHUJEL 498 0.54
21 NEPALI 344 0.37
22 MAJHI 277 0.30
23 SUNUWAR 263 0.28
24 YADAB 240 0.26
25 PODE 144 0.16
26 DURA 138 0.15
27 DANUWAR 127 0.14
28 DARAI 118 0.13
29 SHERPA 116 0.13
30 RAJBANSHI 114 0.12
31 RANA 90 0.10
32 DHIMAL 83 0.09
33 KHATWE 57 0.06
34 MADHESI 54 0.06
35 CHAMAR 50 0.05
36 JIREL 49 0.05
37 MAHATO 35 0.04
38 MANDAL/GANGAI 34 0.04
39 TELI 33 0.04
40 BOTE 33 0.04
41 PAHARI 32 0.03
42 DHANUK 32 0.03
43 DOM 32 0.03
44 MUSLIM 27 0.03
45 KASAI 24 0.03
46 MECHE 23 0.02
47 DUSADH 22 0.02
48 NAU 22 0.02
49 DHOBI 22 0.02
50 TATMA 21 0.02
51 MEHATA 19 0.02
52 SAH 18 0.02
53 HAYU 15 0.02
54 CHEPANG 15 0.02
55 RAJPUT 14 0.02
56 GAINE 14 0.02
57 BADI 14 0.02
58 KURMI 13 0.01
59 GUPTA 13 0.01
60 THAMI 13 0.01
61 TAMATA/LOHAR 12 0.01
62 SHAH 11 0.01
63 JHA 11 0.01
64 KUBER 10 0.01
65 URAWA 10 0.01
66 PASWAN 9 0.01
67 SADA 9 0.01
68 MUSAHAR 8 0.01
69 KUMAI 8 0.01
70 RAJI 8 0.01
71 THAKALI 8 0.01
72 KANU 7 0.01
73 KUSWAHA 6 0.01
74 LAWAD 6 0.01
75 DAS 6 0.01
76 TAJPURIYA 6 0.01
77 LOD 5 0.01
78 JHAGAD 5 0.01
79 SANTHAL 5 0.01
80 SARDAR 5 0.01
81 OTHERS 173 0.19
  TOTAL 92451 100
 
 
 
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