NA in UN Peace Support Operations

Introduction

Nepal became a member of the United Nations in 1955 and since then, has been an active participant of most UN endeavors. The participation of Nepalese Army in the UN peacekeeping operations spans a period of 54 years covering 39 UN Missions, in which over 100142 personnel have participated. The Army’s long association with UN Peace Support Operations began with the deployment of five Military Observers in the Middle East (United Nations Observer Group in Lebanon) in 1958. The first Nepalese contingent, Purano Gorakh battalion was deployed in Egypt in 1974. The Nepalese Army has contributed outstanding force commanders, elite military contingents, impartial military observers and dedicated staff officers. Their devotion to duty and excellent performance has been widely acclaimed. Nepalese troops have taken part in some of the most difficult operations, and have suffered casualties in the service of the UN. To date, 59 personnel of the Nepalese Army have sacrificed their lives in the line of duty and 59 have been disabled. Click here to view the list of deceased peacekeepers.

Nepalese Army in Peace Support Operations
S.No. Mission Year
1
UNOGIL, Lebanon (Military Observers)
1958
2
UNIPOM, India/Pakistan (Military Observers)
1966
3
UNEF II Sinai, Middle East (Peacekeeping Troops)
1974
4
UNIFIL, Lebanon (Peacekeeping Troops)
1978
5
UNMOT, Tajikistan
1989
6
UNGOMAP I/II, OSGAP I/II/III (Military Observers)
1989
7
UNIKOM Kuwait/Iraq (Force Commander)
1991
8
UNMIH, Haiti (Peacekeeping Troops)
1991
9
UNTSO, Israel , Middle - East (Chief of Staff)
1992
10
UNISOM, Somalia (Peacekeeping Troops)
1993
11
UNPF/UNPROFOR, Former Yugoslavia
1994
12
UNGCI, Iraq (Peacekeeping Troops)
1995
13
UNTAES, Eastern Slovenia (Military Observers)
1996
14
UNPREDEP, Macedonia (Military Observers)
1996
15
UNOMIL, Liberia (Military Observers)
1996
16
UNMOP, Prevalaka (Military Observers)
1998
17
UNMIK, Kosovo (Military Observers)
1999
18
UNOMSIL/UNAMSIL, Sierra Leone (Peacekeeping Troops)
1999
19
MONUC, DR Congo (Peacekeeping Troops)
1999
20
UNAMET/UNTAET/UNMISET, East Timor (Peacekeeping Troops)
1999
21
UNFICYP, Cyprus (Force Commander)
1999
22
UNMEE, Ethiopia/Eritrea (Military Observers)
2000
23
MINUCI, Ivory Coast (Military Observers)
2003
24
UNOCI , Ivory Coaste (Military Observers)
2003
25
UNMIL, Liberia - Provost (Peacekeeping Troops)
2003
26
UNDOF, Israel/Syria (Force Commander & Staff)
2004
27
MINUSTAH, Haiti (Peacekeeping Troops)
2004
28
ONUB, Burundi (Peacekeeping Troops)
2004
29
UNMIS, Sudan (Peacekeeping Troops)
2004
30
UNIFIL, Lebanon (Peacekeeping Troops)
2006
31
UNOMIG, Georgia (Military Observers)
2007
32
MINURCAT, Chad (Military Observers, Staff & Troops)
2008
33
UNAMID, Sudan (Military Observers to be followed by troops) 2008
2008
34
UNAMI, Iraq (Staff)
2008
35
UNMIT, Timor-Leste
2008
36
MINURSO, Morocco
2010
37
UNSMIS
2012
38
UNDOF, Syria
2013
39
MINUSMA, Mali
2013

 

Present Participation

 

Present Participation as of March 17, 2014
S.N Mission Country Contingent Mil-obs Staff Officer Total
1
UNIFIL
Lebanon 850 - 19 869
2
UNGU-II, Kirkuk
Iraq 78 - - 78
3
UNISFA
Sudan - 3 2 5
4
MONUSCO
Mech. BN.
Congo 850 19 4 1047
Engg Coy
175 - -
5
UNMIL
Liberia 15 2 3 20
6

MINUSTAH - Light Infantry

Haiti 21 - 13 34
7
UNMISS
South Sudan 1177 5 10 1192
8

UNAMID
F.R. Coy

Sudan 174 20 17 385
S.R. Coy
174 - -
9
UNOCI
Ivory Coast - 3 1 4
10
UNTSO
Israel - 3 - 3
11
MINURSO
Morocco - 4 - 4
12
UNDOF
Syria 67 - 5 72
13
MINUSMA
Mali 140 - 2 142
Total   3721 59 76 3856

As of March 17 2014,, the Nepalese Army was deployed across 13 missions around the world. In addition, Nepalese Army has 3 officers in the UN HQ DPKO and liaison officers at Tampa Bay, Florida. Additionally, a Major is posted as a P-3 Secondment Officer in UNAMID, Sudan. Currently, Nepalese Army has some 3856 soldiers serving in 13 different missions around the World. As a troop contributing country, Nepal ranks seventh in the world.

 


BIRENDRA PEACE OPERATIONS TRAINING CENTRE

The Nepalese Army established a Peacekeeping training center in 1986 on an ad hoc basis to provide pre-mission training for the Nepalese Contingents taking part in Peacekeeping Operations. In January 2000, an international platoon sized exercise was organized at this training center, which actually paved the way to turn the ad hoc training center into the full fledged “Birendra Peace Operations Training Center”. This training center was formally established in November 2001 as an institution to provide training in Peace Support Operations (PSOs).

 

Organization

This training center is staffed by officers, warrant officers, and non commissioned officers who have extensive experience in various peacekeeping missions, as well as instructional training in Nepal and abroad. The organization of the training center is as follows:

  • Headquarters Element
  • Training Unit
  • Administration and Logistics Unit
  • Research and Development Unit
  • Demonstration and Security Unit

Mission

The mission of the training center is to provide a nucleus of expertise within the Nepalese Army, responsible for the development of Peace Support Operations based on lessons learnt, training methodologies, training standards and the provision of training and training supports.

Task

The tasks of the training center are as follows:

  • Train Nepalese Army personnel selected for Peace Support Operations.
  • Provide training assistance to other army schools, National and regional peace support training centers, as well as provide a forum for International seminars and workshops on Peace Support Operations.
  • Conduct evaluation and validation of peace support trainings conducted by Birendra Peace Support Operations Training Center.
  • Coordinate the development of Peace Support Training standards, Standard Operating Procedures and instructional materials.
  • Conduct liaison with other centers of excellence.
  • Advice Nepalese Army- DPKO on peace support operations.

Despite the heavy commitment of troops to different internal duties within the country, Nepal and the Nepalese Army remain forever committed to the ideals and principles of the United Nations. The Nepalese Army has been deploying troops to several international exercises and UN missions, continuously striving to share Peacekeeping operational techniques between member nations of the UN. Experiences and lessons learnt from these exercises have been implemented in the training program of this institution, attempting to address the inter-operability issues of Multi National Missions.

More information of BPOTC can be found at www.bpotc.mil.np