The Nepalese Army in UN Peace Support Operations

Introduction

Nepal became a member of the United Nations in 1955 and since then, has been an active participant of most UN peace operations. The participation of the Nepalese Army in UN peace support operations spans a period of over a half century covering some 40 UN missions, in which over 100,000 personnel have participated. The army’s long association with UN peace support operations began with a modest deployment of five military observers in Lebanon (United Nations Observer Group in Lebanon) in 1958. The first Nepalese contingent, PuranoGorakh Battalion was deployed in Egypt in 1974. The Nepalese Army has contributed in senior appointments at UNDPKO and Force Headquarters and has also deployed military contingents, military observers and staff officers. The army has also contributed significantly through the provision of niche capabilities such as engineers, medical teams and Special Forces contingents. Their devotion to duty and excellent performance have been widely acclaimed. The Nepalese Army has always accepted challenges and participated in most difficult operations. This has had a heavy toll on its personnel, and to date, 59 personnel have made the ultimate sacrifice at the alter of world peace and another 59 have been disabled. Click here to view the list of deceased peacekeepers.

Nepalese Army in UN Peace Support Operations
S.No. Mission Year
1
UNOGIL, Lebanon (Military Observers)
1958
2
UNIPOM, India/Pakistan (Military Observers)
1966
3
UNEF II Sinai, Middle East (Peacekeeping Troops)
1974
4
UNIFIL, Lebanon (Peacekeeping Troops)
1978
5
UNMOT, Tajikistan
1989
6
UNGOMAP I/II, OSGAP I/II/III (Military Observers)
1989
7
UNIKOM Kuwait/Iraq (Force Commander)
1991
8
UNMIH, Haiti (Peacekeeping Troops)
1991
9
UNTSO, Israel , Middle - East (Staff Officer and Military Observers)
1992
10
UNISOM, Somalia (Peacekeeping Troops)
1993
11
UNPF/UNPROFOR, Former Yugoslavia (Peacekeeping Troops)
1994
12
UNGCI, Iraq (Peacekeeping Troops)
1995
13
UNTAES, Eastern Slovenia (Military Observers)
1996
14
UNPREDEP, Macedonia (Military Observers)
1996
15
UNOMIL, Liberia (Military Observers)
1996
16
UNMOP, Prevalaka (Military Observers)
1998
17
UNMIK, Kosovo (Military Observers)
1999
18
UNOMSIL/UNAMSIL, Sierra Leone (Peacekeeping Troops)
1999
19
MONUC, DR Congo (Peacekeeping Troops)
1999
20
UNAMET/UNTAET/UNMISET, East Timor (Peacekeeping Troops)
1999
21
UNFICYP, Cyprus (Force Commander)
1999
22
UNMEE, Ethiopia/Eritrea (Military Observers)
2000
23
MINUCI, Ivory Coast (Military Observers)
2003
24
UNOCI , Ivory Coaste (Military Observers)
2003
25
UNMIL, Liberia - Provost (Peacekeeping Troops)
2003
26
UNDOF, Israel/Syria (Force Commander & Staff Officers)
2004
27
MINUSTAH, Haiti (Peacekeeping Troops)
2004
28
ONUB, Burundi (Peacekeeping Troops)
2004
29
UNMIS, Sudan (Force Commander and Peacekeeping Troops)
2004
30
UNIFIL, Lebanon (Peacekeeping Troops)
2006
31
UNOMIG, Georgia (Military Observers)
2007
32
MINURCAT, Chad (Military Observers and Peacekeeping Troops)
2008
33
UNAMID, Sudan (Military Observers and Peacekeeping Troops)
2008
34
UNAMI, Iraq (Staff Officer and Peacekeeping Troops)
2008
35
UNMIT, Timor-Leste (Military Observer)
2008
36
MINURSO, Morocco (Military Observer)
2010
37
UNMISS, South Sudan (Military Observers and Peacekeeping Troops)
2011
38
UNSMIS, Syria (Staff Officers)
2012
39
UNISFA, Sudan (Military Observers and Staff Officers)
2012
40
MINUSMA, Mali (Peacekeeping Troops)
2013

 

Present Participation

 

As of 24 August 2014, the Nepalese Army has deployed across 13 missions around the world. As a troop contributing country, Nepal ranks fifth in the world. Currently, Nepalese Army has some 4096 soldiers serving in 13 different missions around the globe. Nepal has a commitment to provide up to 5000 peacekeepers should the UN so request.

 

Present Participation as of August 24, 2014
S.N Mission Country Contingent Mil-obs Staff Officer Total Remarks
1
UNIFIL
Lebanon 849 - 19 868  
2
UNGU-II, Kirkuk
Iraq 77 - - 77  
3
UNISFA
Sudan - 1 - 1  
4
MONUSCO
Mech. BN.
Congo 851 18 2 1046  
Engg Coy
175 - -
5
UNMIL
Liberia 15 2 3 20  
6

MINUSTAH - Light Infantry

Haiti - - 10 10  
7
UNMISS
South Sudan 1699 4 12 1715  
8

UNAMID
F.R. Coy

Sudan 175 16 15 378  
S.R. Coy
175 - -
9
UNOCI
Ivory Coast - 1 3 4  
10
UNTSO
Israel - 4 - 4  
11
MINURSO
Morocco - 4 - 4  
12
UNDOF
Syria 149 - 6 155  
13
MINUSMA
Mali 140 - 5 145  
Total   4305 47 75 4427  

 


BIRENDRA PEACE OPERATIONS TRAINING CENTRE

The requirement for United Nations Peace Support Operations related training along with institutional memories brought back from all these missions resulted in the establishment of a training Centre in Panchkhal in 1986 on an ad hoc basis. In January 2000, an international multi platoon training exercise “Ex Shanti Prayas-I” co-sponsored by US Pacific Command was organized in this Centre, which paved the way to turn the ad hoc Centre into the full fledged “Birendra Peace Operations Training Centre” (BPOTC) with a mission to provide a nucleus of expertise within the Nepalese Army, responsible for the development of Peace Support Operations.

More information of BPOTC can be found at www.bpotc.mil.np