Inclusiveness

Inclusiveness in the Nepali Army

Inclusiveness in The Nepalese Army Nepal is a multi-ethnic, multilingual, multi-religious and multicultural country with a common aspiration and commitment to a united bond of allegiance to national independence, integrity, national interests and prosperity. By virtue of its diversity, the government seeks to provide more inclusive state institutions. But despite of its efforts, the issue of inclusion (Samabesikaran) of different castes, ethnic groups, genders and regions have been frequently raised in the country. In the Gurkha Regiments of foreign armies, the practice of recruiting from specific ethnic groups is still prevalent. But in the case of the Nepali Army, it has always endeavored to maintain a national character principally in terms of inclusion of all castes, ethnic communities, genders, regions and religions.

Maintaining its tradition and reflecting the spirit of the institution, the Nepali Army incorporating a system of reservation. This practice was prevalent in the Nepali Army decades before the Government of Nepal implemented the policy on inclusion in the state legislature. The Nepali Army has ethnic based battalions from Magar, Gurung, Tamang, Kiranti/Limbu and Madhesi communities. The total strength of these five battalions is about 3950, which make 4.2% of current strength. In the rest of the formations, units and subunits all castes / ethnic communities, religions and regions are given an equal opportunity based on open competition.

In compliance to the Nepalese Law, which states that 45% of all vacant government positions be reserved for excluded groups, the Army in 2006, amended its Army Act. After which, out of the 45% reserved position within the Nepal Army 20% is reserved for women, 32% for Janajati, 28% for Madheshi, 15% for Dalit and 5% for remote regions.

Recruitment is voluntary and competitive. Hence forcing citizens to sign up in the proportion of the demographic breakup of the nation would violate the rights of the people who may not want to join the Army and at the same time be unfair to those qualified and wishing to join.

It is true that the racial and cultural character of the Nepali Army is not a mirror image of the national picture but it depicts a picture which is far closer than most of the other organs of the state. The recruitment in the Nepali Army is entirely voluntary in composition. The Army has been making a conscious effort in including as many of the minority groups as possible. It has aimed for inclusiveness since ages in the past. In recent times, the Army has also made important strides towards gender inclusiveness.

A comparative table is presented below which includes various castes and ethnic communities represented in Nepali Army.

 

State of Castes/Ethnic Inclusion in the Nepali Army
(As of January 15, 2019)

S.No.

Caste/Ethnic Groups

Total Representation in NA

(%) of Total Representation in NA

(a)

(b)

(C)

(d)

1

Other

326

0.363146228

2

Bhote

4

0.004455782

3

Goth

4

0.004455782

4

Jaisi

4

0.004455782

5

Janajati

4

0.004455782

6

Kewat

4

0.004455782

7

Lama

4

0.004455782

8

Saud

4

0.004455782

9

Kirat

5

0.005569727

10

Madheshi

5

0.005569727

11

Malaha

5

0.005569727

12

Raji

5

0.005569727

13

Santhal

5

0.005569727

14

Sardar

5

0.005569727

15

Satar

5

0.005569727

16

Shaha

5

0.005569727

17

Sunar

5

0.005569727

18

Tiruwa

5

0.005569727

19

Chunara

6

0.006683673

20

Giri

6

0.006683673

21

Kapar

6

0.006683673

22

Lawad

6

0.006683673

23

Od

6

0.006683673

24

Sudi

6

0.006683673

25

Tajpuriya

6

0.006683673

26

Yogi

6

0.006683673

27

Jhagad

7

0.007797618

28

Musahar

7

0.007797618

29

Bi.Ka.

8

0.008911564

30

Kanu

8

0.008911564

31

Kumai

8

0.008911564

32

Thakali

8

0.008911564

33

Sada

9

0.010025509

34

Urawa

9

0.010025509

35

Jha

10

0.011139455

36

Kuber

10

0.011139455

37

Kuswaha

10

0.011139455

38

Dalit

12

0.013367346

39

Das

12

0.013367346

40

Paswan

12

0.013367346

41

Badi

13

0.014481291

42

Gaine

13

0.014481291

43

Shah

13

0.014481291

44

Tamata

13

0.014481291

45

Gupta

14

0.015595237

46

Shahi

14

0.015595237

47

Thami

14

0.015595237

48

Hayu

15

0.016709182

49

Rajput

16

0.017823128

50

Yadav

17

0.018937073

51

Kurmi

18

0.020051019

52

Meche

18

0.020051019

53

Mehata

18

0.020051019

54

Sah

18

0.020051019

55

Dusadh

21

0.023392855

56

Tatma

21

0.023392855

57

Chepang

22

0.024506801

58

Kasai

24

0.026734692

59

Dhobi

26

0.028962583

60

Pahari

29

0.032304419

61

Bote

31

0.03453231

62

Dhanuk

32

0.035646255

63

Dom

32

0.035646255

64

Nau

35

0.038988092

65

Muslim

37

0.041215983

66

Mahato

46

0.051241492

67

Teli

46

0.051241492

68

Mandal

48

0.053469383

69

Jirel

49

0.054583329

70

Chamar

50

0.055697274

71

Khatwe

51

0.05681122

72

Dhimal

59

0.065722784

73

Rana

83

0.092457475

74

Darai

102

0.113622439

75

Sherpa

111

0.123647949

76

Rajbanshi

112

0.124761894

77

Pode

117

0.130331622

78

Danuwar

126

0.140357131

79

Dura

140

0.155952368

80

Madhesi

153

0.170433659

81

Sunuwar

242

0.269574807

82

Majhi

245

0.272916643

83

Yadab

281

0.313018681

84

Nepali

325

0.362032282

85

Gharti

378

0.421071393

86

Bhujel

448

0.499047577

87

Thakur

643

0.716266946

88

Kumal

648

0.721836673

89

Limbu

748

0.833231222

90

Damai

915

1.019260117

91

Pariyar

929

1.034855354

92

Sarki

1061

1.181896158

93

Chaudhari

1497

1.667576389

94

Jogi

1543

1.718817881

95

Rai

2258

2.515288902

96

Gurung

2651

2.953069477

97

Kami

3044

3.390850052

98

Tharu

3098

3.451003108

99

Thakuri

3161

3.521181673

100

Tamang

4544

5.061768277

101

Newar

5239

5.835960388

102

Magar

7245

8.070535028

103

Brahman

7924

8.826904011

104

Kshatri

38305

42.66968175

TOTAL

89771

 

Source: AG Dept (Army Records Office), Army HQ