Inclusiveness

Inclusiveness in the Nepali Army

Inclusiveness in The Nepalese Army Nepal is a multi-ethnic, multilingual, multi-religious and multicultural country with a common aspiration and commitment to a united bond of allegiance to national independence, integrity, national interests and prosperity. By virtue of its diversity, the government seeks to provide more inclusive state institutions. But despite of its efforts, the issue of inclusion (Samabesikaran) of different castes, ethnic groups, genders and regions have been frequently raised in the country. In the Gurkha Regiments of foreign armies, the practice of recruiting from specific ethnic groups is still prevalent. But in the case of the Nepali Army, it has always endeavored to maintain a national character principally in terms of inclusion of all castes, ethnic communities, genders, regions and religions.

Maintaining its tradition and reflecting the spirit of the institution, the Nepali Army incorporating a system of reservation. This practice was prevalent in the Nepali Army decades before the Government of Nepal implemented the policy on inclusion in the state legislature. The Nepali Army has ethnic based battalions from Magar, Gurung, Tamang, Kiranti/Limbu and Madhesi communities. The total strength of these five battalions is about 3950, which make 4.2% of current strength. In the rest of the formations, units and subunits all castes / ethnic communities, religions and regions are given an equal opportunity based on open competition.

In compliance to the Nepalese Law, which states that 45% of all vacant government positions be reserved for excluded groups, the Army in 2006, amended its Army Act. After which, out of the 45% reserved position within the Nepal Army 20% is reserved for women, 32% for Janajati, 28% for Madheshi, 15% for Dalit and 5% for remote regions.

Recruitment is voluntary and competitive. Hence forcing citizens to sign up in the proportion of the demographic breakup of the nation would violate the rights of the people who may not want to join the Army and at the same time be unfair to those qualified and wishing to join.

It is true that the racial and cultural character of the Nepali Army is not a mirror image of the national picture but it depicts a picture which is far closer than most of the other organs of the state. The recruitment in the Nepali Army is entirely voluntary in composition. The Army has been making a conscious effort in including as many of the minority groups as possible. It has aimed for inclusiveness since ages in the past. In recent times, the Army has also made important strides towards gender inclusiveness.

A comparative table is presented below which includes various castes and ethnic communities represented in Nepali Army.

State of Castes/Ethnic Inclusion in the Nepali Army
(As of September 22, 2019)
Inclusiveness in the Nepali Army
S.No Caste/Ethnic Group Total Representation in NA (%) of Total Representation in NA
1 KSHATRI 36522 42.5813
2 BRAHMAN 7593 8.8527
3 MAGAR 7037 8.2045
4 NEWAR 4964 5.7876
5 TAMANG 4273 4.9819
6 THAKURI 3059 3.5665
7 KAMI 3018 3.5187
8 tharu 2978 3.4721
9 GURUNG 2521 2.9393
10 RAI 2135 2.4892
11 JOGI 1479 1.7244
12 CHAUDHARI 1408 1.6416
13 SARKI 1030 1.2009
14 DAMAI 956 1.1146
15 PARIYAR 866 1.0097
16 LIMBU 731 0.8523
17 THAKUR 625 0.7287
18 KUMAL 587 0.6844
19 BHUJEL 422 0.4920
20 GHARTI 365 0.4256
21 NEPALI 327 0.3813
22 YADAB 292 0.3404
23 MAJHI 236 0.2752
24 SUNUWAR 229 0.2670
25 MADHESI 161 0.1877
26 DURA 133 0.1551
27 DANUWAR 120 0.1399
28 PODE 111 0.1294
29 SHERPA 111 0.1294
30 RAJBANSHI 102 0.1189
31 DARAI 92 0.1073
32 RANA 83 0.0968
33 KHATWE 52 0.0606
34 DHIMAL 50 0.0583
35 MANDAL 49 0.0571
36 CHAMAR 48 0.0560
37 TELI 47 0.0548
38 JIREL 45 0.0525
39 MAHATO 44 0.0513
40 NAU 33 0.0385
41 MUSLIM 32 0.0373
42 DHANUK 31 0.0361
43 DOM 31 0.0361
44 BOTE 30 0.0350
45 PAHARI 27 0.0315
46 DHOBI 26 0.0303
47 CHEPANG 23 0.0268
48 KASAI 22 0.0256
49 DUSADH 20 0.0233
50 TATMA 20 0.0233
51 MECHE 18 0.0210
52 MEHATA 18 0.0210
53 RAJPUT 18 0.0210
54 KURMI 17 0.0198
55 SAH 17 0.0198
56 GUPTA 15 0.0175
57 HAYU 15 0.0175
58 GAINE 14 0.0163
59 PASWAN 13 0.0152
60 SHAH 13 0.0152
61 TAMATA 13 0.0152
62 THAMI 13 0.0152
63 BADI 12 0.0140
64 DAS 12 0.0140
65 JHA 10 0.0117
66 KUBER 10 0.0117
67 KUSWAHA 10 0.0117
68 URAWA 10 0.0117
69 SADA 9 0.0105
70 KANU 8 0.0093
71 KASHATRI 8 0.0093
72 LAWAD 8 0.0093
73 THAKALI 8 0.0093
74 CHUNARA 7 0.0082
75 JHAGAD 7 0.0082
76 KUMAI 7 0.0082
77 MUSAHAR 7 0.0082
78 SUDI 7 0.0082
79 KAPAR 6 0.0070
80 SARDAR 6 0.0070
81 TAJPURIYA 6 0.0070
82 RAJI 5 0.0058
83 SANTHAL 5 0.0058
84 SATAR 5 0.0058
85 TIRUWA 5 0.0058
86 KEWAT 4 0.0047
87 MALAHA 4 0.0047
88 OD 4 0.0047
89 SHAHA 4 0.0047
90 bhote 3 0.0035
91 CHHANTYAL 3 0.0035
92 DALIT 3 0.0035
93 GOTH 3 0.0035
94 jaisi 3 0.0035
95 JOHARI 3 0.0035
96 KABIRATH 3 0.0035
97 KALAR 3 0.0035
98 KIRAT 3 0.0035
99 KUMHAR 3 0.0035
100 MUKHIYA 3 0.0035
101 RAJDHOB 3 0.0035
102 SAHANI 3 0.0035
103 SRIVASTAVA 3 0.0035
104 TAKURI 3 0.0035
105 AHIR 2 0.0023
106 BAITHA 2 0.0023
107 BARAHI 2 0.0023
108 BARGHARE 2 0.0023
109 BARMA 2 0.0023
110 CHAUHAN 2 0.0023
111 DAUDI 2 0.0023
112 DHAL 2 0.0023
113 DHEGA 2 0.0023
114 GAHATE 2 0.0023
115 GHALE 2 0.0023
116 GURDHAMI 2 0.0023
117 HARIJAN 2 0.0023
118 KANDU 2 0.0023
119 KEWAR 2 0.0023
120 KHATI 2 0.0023
121 KOLI 2 0.0023
122 KUNWAR 2 0.0023
123 LODH 2 0.0023
124 MAKRA 2 0.0023
125 MALI 2 0.0023
126 MURAU 2 0.0023
127 PASI 2 0.0023
128 PATEL 2 0.0023
129 PAWE 2 0.0023
130 SAMAT 2 0.0023
131 SINHA 2 0.0023
132 SUTIHAR 2 0.0023
133 BACHHAR 1 0.0012
134 BAG 1 0.0012
135 BALMIKI 1 0.0012
136 BARAKOTI 1 0.0012
137 BARWATI 1 0.0012
138 BASHAHI 1 0.0012
139 BATALA 1 0.0012
140 BAYAK 1 0.0012
141 BHUJAWA 1 0.0012
142 BHUMIHAR 1 0.0012
143 CHACHHARA 1 0.0012
144 CHADARO 1 0.0012
145 CHAIHAN 1 0.0012
146 CHAUDHARY 1 0.0012
147 CHILAUNE 1 0.0012
148 CHITAURE 1 0.0012
149 CHUNDALI 1 0.0012
150 CHURASIYA 1 0.0012
151 CHUWAIN 1 0.0012
152 DADAL 1 0.0012
153 DANAI 1 0.0012
154 DAUT 1 0.0012
155 DAYALE 1 0.0012
156 DEO 1 0.0012
157 DHADI 1 0.0012
158 DHAMI 1 0.0012
159 DIYAL 1 0.0012
160 DOTELI 1 0.0012
161 DUSAD 1 0.0012
162 GADARIYA 1 0.0012
163 GARANGA 1 0.0012
164 GORATHOKI 1 0.0012
165 GUICHE 1 0.0012
166 GUJAR 1 0.0012
167 JANAJATI 1 0.0012
168 JAPREL 1 0.0012
169 JI PRA KA PYUTHAN 1 0.0012
170 KALAL 1 0.0012
171 KALWAR 1 0.0012
172 KAMAIT 1 0.0012
173 KAMAT 1 0.0012
174 KAUSHA 1 0.0012
175 KHADLUK 1 0.0012
176 KHANG 1 0.0012
177 KIMADI 1 0.0012
178 KOHAR 1 0.0012
179 KUMAR 1 0.0012
180 KUPAR 1 0.0012
181 KUSBAHA 1 0.0012
182 KUSHAWAHA 1 0.0012
183 KUSWAR 1 0.0012
184 KUWAR 1 0.0012
185 LAOTI 1 0.0012
186 LAWOD 1 0.0012
187 LEKHI 1 0.0012
188 LINGDEN 1 0.0012
189 LOHAR 1 0.0012
190 LONIYA 1 0.0012
191 LOPPA 1 0.0012
192 LOTHYAL 1 0.0012
193 MABO 1 0.0012
194 MADARNIYA 1 0.0012
195 MAHATARA 1 0.0012
196 MARAU 1 0.0012
197 MARWODI 1 0.0012
198 MEDANIYA 1 0.0012
199 MISHRA 1 0.0012
200 MUDIYARI 1 0.0012
201 NUNIHAR 1 0.0012
202 OLI 1 0.0012
203 OUJI 1 0.0012
204 PABE 1 0.0012
205 PARKI 1 0.0012
206 PELA 1 0.0012
207 PHARSWAN 1 0.0012
208 PHULARA 1 0.0012
209 RAJALI 1 0.0012
210 RAJWAR 1 0.0012
211 RANAPAHELI 1 0.0012
212 RAUT KURMI 1 0.0012
213 SAHU 1 0.0012
214 SAITHBAR 1 0.0012
215 SAUKE 1 0.0012
216 SEJUWAL 1 0.0012
217 SURYBANSI 1 0.0012
218 SUTPARAI 1 0.0012
219 TABDAR 1 0.0012
220 TADI 1 0.0012
221 THEGARE 1 0.0012
222 THYAITA 1 0.0012
223 TIKHATTI 1 0.0012
224 TITARA 1 0.0012
225 URAM 1 0.0012
226 YADAV 1 0.0012
227 YOLMU 1 0.0012
GRAND TOTAL 85770 100
Source: Army Record Office (AG), Nepali Army.