Inclusiveness

Inclusiveness in the Nepali Army

Inclusiveness in The Nepalese Army Nepal is a multi-ethnic, multilingual, multi-religious and multicultural country with a common aspiration and commitment to a united bond of allegiance to national independence, integrity, national interests and prosperity. By virtue of its diversity, the government seeks to provide more inclusive state institutions. But despite of its efforts, the issue of inclusion (Samabesikaran) of different castes, ethnic groups, genders and regions have been frequently raised in the country. In the Gurkha Regiments of foreign armies, the practice of recruiting from specific ethnic groups is still prevalent. But in the case of the Nepali Army, it has always endeavored to maintain a national character principally in terms of inclusion of all castes, ethnic communities, genders, regions and religions.

Maintaining its tradition and reflecting the spirit of the institution, the Nepali Army incorporating a system of reservation. This practice was prevalent in the Nepali Army decades before the Government of Nepal implemented the policy on inclusion in the state legislature. The Nepali Army has ethnic based battalions from Magar, Gurung, Tamang, Kiranti/Limbu and Madhesi communities. The total strength of these five battalions is about 3950, which make 4.2% of current strength. In the rest of the formations, units and subunits all castes / ethnic communities, religions and regions are given an equal opportunity based on open competition.

In compliance to the Nepalese Law, which states that 45% of all vacant government positions be reserved for excluded groups, the Army in 2006, amended its Army Act. After which, out of the 45% reserved position within the Nepal Army 20% is reserved for women, 32% for Janajati, 28% for Madheshi, 15% for Dalit and 5% for remote regions.

Recruitment is voluntary and competitive. Hence forcing citizens to sign up in the proportion of the demographic breakup of the nation would violate the rights of the people who may not want to join the Army and at the same time be unfair to those qualified and wishing to join.

It is true that the racial and cultural character of the Nepali Army is not a mirror image of the national picture but it depicts a picture which is far closer than most of the other organs of the state. The recruitment in the Nepali Army is entirely voluntary in composition. The Army has been making a conscious effort in including as many of the minority groups as possible. It has aimed for inclusiveness since ages in the past. In recent times, the Army has also made important strides towards gender inclusiveness.

A comparative table is presented below which includes various castes and ethnic communities represented in Nepali Army.



Inclusiveness in the Nepali Army
(As of December 18, 2019)

S.No.  CASTE/ETHNIC GROUPS Total Representation in NA (%) of Total Representation in NA
1 BACHHAR 1 0.001
2 BAG 1 0.001
3 BALMIKI 1 0.001
4 BARAKOTI 1 0.001
5 BARWATI 1 0.001
6 BASEL 1 0.001
7 BASHAHI 1 0.001
8 BATALA 1 0.001
9 BAYAK 1 0.001
10 BHIYAL 1 0.001
11 BHUJAWA 1 0.001
12 BHUMIHAR 1 0.001
13 CHACHHARA 1 0.001
14 CHADARO 1 0.001
15 CHAIHAN 1 0.001
16 CHILAUNE 1 0.001
17 CHITAURE 1 0.001
18 CHUNDALI 1 0.001
19 CHURASIYA 1 0.001
20 CHUWAIN 1 0.001
21 DADAL 1 0.001
22 DAGAURA 1 0.001
23 DAUT 1 0.001
24 DAYALE 1 0.001
25 DEO 1 0.001
26 DHADI 1 0.001
27 DHAMI 1 0.001
28 DIYAL 1 0.001
29 DUSAD 1 0.001
30 GADARIYA 1 0.001
31 GAHA 1 0.001
32 GARANGA 1 0.001
33 GORATHOKI 1 0.001
34 GUJAR 1 0.001
35 jaisi 1 0.001
36 KAHAR 1 0.001
37 KALAL 1 0.001
38 KAMAIT 1 0.001
39 KAUSHA 1 0.001
40 KHADLUK 1 0.001
41 KHANG 1 0.001
42 KIMADI 1 0.001
43 KISKU 1 0.001
44 KOHAR 1 0.001
45 KUPAR 1 0.001
46 KUSWAR 1 0.001
47 KUWAR 1 0.001
48 LAOTI 1 0.001
49 LEKHI 1 0.001
50 LONIYA 1 0.001
51 LOPPA 1 0.001
52 LOTHYAL 1 0.001
53 MADARNIYA 1 0.001
54 MARAU 1 0.001
55 MARWODI 1 0.001
56 MEDANIYA 1 0.001
57 MUDIYARI 1 0.001
58 NUNIHAR 1 0.001
59 OLI 1 0.001
60 OUJI 1 0.001
61 PABE 1 0.001
62 PELA 1 0.001
63 PHARSWAN 1 0.001
64 PHULARA 1 0.001
65 RAJALI 1 0.001
66 RAJWAR 1 0.001
67 RANAPAHELI 1 0.001
68 SAHU 1 0.001
69 SAITHBAR 1 0.001
70 SAUKE 1 0.001
71 SEJUWAL 1 0.001
72 SHAHU 1 0.001
73 SURYBANSI 1 0.001
74 SUTPARAI 1 0.001
75 TABDAR 1 0.001
76 TADI 1 0.001
77 THEGARE 1 0.001
78 THYAITA 1 0.001
79 TIKHATTI 1 0.001
80 TITARA 1 0.001
81 AEDI 2 0.002
82 AHIR 2 0.002
83 BAITHA 2 0.002
84 BARGHARE 2 0.002
85 BARMA 2 0.002
86 BHUL 2 0.002
87 CHAUHAN 2 0.002
88 DALIT 2 0.002
89 DAUDI 2 0.002
90 DHAL 2 0.002
91 DHEGA 2 0.002
92 GAHATE 2 0.002
93 GUICHE 2 0.002
94 GURDHAMI 2 0.002
95 HARIJAN 2 0.002
96 KAMAT 2 0.002
97 KANDU 2 0.002
98 KUNWAR 2 0.002
99 LODH 2 0.002
100 MABO 2 0.002
101 MAKRA 2 0.002
102 MALI 2 0.002
103 MURAU 2 0.002
104 PAWE 2 0.002
105 SAMAT 2 0.002
106 SRIVASTAVA 2 0.002
107 SUTIHAR 2 0.002
108 BHOTE 3 0.003
109 GOTH 3 0.003
110 JOHARI 3 0.003
111 KEWAR 3 0.003
112 KHATI 3 0.003
113 KIRAT 3 0.003
114 KOLI 3 0.003
115 MISHRA 3 0.003
116 MUKHIYA 3 0.003
117 PASI 3 0.003
118 RAJDHOB 3 0.003
119 RAUT KURMI 3 0.003
120 CHHANTYAL 4 0.005
121 KALAR 4 0.005
122 KEWAT 4 0.005
123 KUMAR 4 0.005
124 KUMHAR 4 0.005
125 MALAHA 4 0.005
126 OD 4 0.005
127 SAHANI 4 0.005
128 RAJI 5 0.006
129 SATAR 5 0.006
130 TIRUWA 5 0.006
131 GHALE 6 0.007
132 RAYA 6 0.007
133 SANTHAL 6 0.007
134 CHUNARA 7 0.008
135 JHAGAD 7 0.008
136 KAPAR 7 0.008
137 SARDAR 7 0.008
138 SUDI 7 0.008
139 TAJPURIYA 8 0.009
140 KABIRATH 9 0.010
141 LAWAD 9 0.010
142 MUSAHAR 9 0.010
143 SADA 9 0.010
144 THAKALI 9 0.010
145 JHA 10 0.011
146 KUBER 10 0.011
147 URAWA 10 0.011
148 KANU 11 0.013
149 KUSWAHA 11 0.013
150 BADI 12 0.014
151 DAS 13 0.015
152 KUMAI 13 0.015
153 HAYU 14 0.016
154 PASWAN 14 0.016
155 THAMI 14 0.016
156 GAINE 15 0.017
157 TAMATA 16 0.018
158 GUPTA 18 0.020
159 KURMI 18 0.020
160 MECHE 19 0.022
161 MEHATA 19 0.022
162 RAJPUT 19 0.022
163 DUSADH 20 0.023
164 SAH 20 0.023
165 SHAH 20 0.023
166 TATMA 20 0.023
167 KASAI 24 0.027
168 DHOBI 26 0.030
169 CHEPANG 28 0.032
170 PAHARI 28 0.032
171 DHANUK 31 0.035
172 YADAV 31 0.035
173 BOTE 32 0.036
174 DOM 32 0.036
175 NAU 33 0.038
176 MUSLIM 34 0.039
177 BI.KA 39 0.044
178 JIREL 42 0.048
179 TELI 46 0.052
180 CHAMAR 49 0.056
181 KHATWE 50 0.057
182 DHIMAL 52 0.059
183 MANDAL 56 0.064
184 MAHATO 57 0.065
185 RANA 92 0.105
186 DARAI 95 0.108
187 RAJBANSHI 104 0.118
188 PODE 106 0.120
189 SHERPA 117 0.133
190 DANUWAR 127 0.144
191 DURA 135 0.153
192 MADHESI 190 0.216
193 MAJHI 242 0.275
194 SUNUWAR 251 0.285
195 YADAB 288 0.327
196 NEPALI 339 0.385
197 GHARTI 370 0.421
198 BHUJEL 430 0.489
199 KUMAL 605 0.688
200 THAKUR 634 0.721
201 LIMBU 803 0.913
202 PARIYAR 860 0.978
203 DAMAI 1016 1.155
204 SARKI 1121 1.274
205 CHAUDHARI 1411 1.604
206 JOGI 1486 1.689
207 RAI 2263 2.572
208 GURUNG 2614 2.971
209 THAKURI 3103 3.527
210 THARU 3143 3.573
211 KAMI 3194 3.631
212 TAMANG 4367 4.964
213 NEWAR 5016 5.702
214 MAGAR 7384 8.394
215 BRAHMAN 7671 8.720
216 KSHATRI 37046 42.111
Total 87972 100
Source: Army Record Office (AG), Nepali Army.