The Nepali Army in UN Peace Support Operations

Introduction

Nepal became a member of the United Nations in 1955 and since then, has been an active participant of most UN peace operations. The participation of the Nepali Army in UN peace support operations spans a period of over a half century covering some 42 UN missions, in which over 1,22,871 personnel have participated. The army’s long association with UN peace support operations began with a modest deployment of five military observers in Lebanon (United Nations Observer Group in Lebanon) in 1958. The first Nepali contingent, PuranoGorakh Battalion was deployed in Egypt in 1974. The Nepali Army has contributed in senior appointments at UNDPKO and Force Headquarters and has also deployed military contingents, military observers and staff officers. The army has also contributed significantly through the provision of niche capabilities such as engineers, medical teams and Special Forces contingents. Their devotion to duty and excellent performance have been widely acclaimed. The Nepali Army has always accepted challenges and participated in most difficult operations. This has had a heavy toll on its personnel, and to date, 63 personnel have made the ultimate sacrifice at the alter of world peace and another 66 have been disabled.

Nepali Army in UN Peace Support Operations
S.No. Mission Year
1
UNOGIL, Lebanon (Military Observers)
1958
2
UNIPOM, India/Pakistan (Military Observers)
1966
3
UNEF II Sinai, Middle East (Peacekeeping Troops)
1974
4
UNIFIL, Lebanon (Peacekeeping Troops)
1978
5
UNMOT, Tajikistan
1989
6
UNGOMAP I/II, OSGAP I/II/III (Military Observers)
1989
7
UNIKOM Kuwait/Iraq (Force Commander)
1991
8
UNMIH, Haiti (Peacekeeping Troops)
1991
9
UNTSO, Israel , Middle - East (Staff Officer and Military Observers)
1992
10
UNISOM, Somalia (Peacekeeping Troops)
1993
11
UNPF/UNPROFOR, Former Yugoslavia (Peacekeeping Troops)
1994
12
UNGCI, Iraq (Peacekeeping Troops)
1995
13
UNTAES, Eastern Slovenia (Military Observers)
1996
14
UNPREDEP, Macedonia (Military Observers)
1996
15
UNOMIL, Liberia (Military Observers)
1996
16
UNMOP, Prevalaka (Military Observers)
1998
17
UNMIK, Kosovo (Military Observers)
1999
18
UNOMSIL/UNAMSIL, Sierra Leone (Peacekeeping Troops)
1999
19
MONUC, DR Congo (Peacekeeping Troops)
1999
20
UNAMET/UNTAET/UNMISET, East Timor (Peacekeeping Troops)
1999
21
UNFICYP, Cyprus (Force Commander)
1999
22
UNMEE, Ethiopia/Eritrea (Military Observers)
2000
23
MINUCI, Ivory Coast (Military Observers)
2003
24
UNOCI , Ivory Coaste (Military Observers)
2003
25
UNMIL, Liberia - Provost (Peacekeeping Troops)
2003
26
UNDOF, Israel/Syria (Force Commander & Staff Officers)
2004
27
MINUSTAH, Haiti (Peacekeeping Troops)
2004
28
ONUB, Burundi (Peacekeeping Troops)
2004
29
UNMIS, Sudan (Force Commander and Peacekeeping Troops)
2004
30
UNIFIL, Lebanon (Peacekeeping Troops)
2006
31
UNOMIG, Georgia (Military Observers)
2007
32
MINURCAT, Chad (Military Observers and Peacekeeping Troops)
2008
33
UNAMID, Sudan (Military Observers and Peacekeeping Troops)
2008
34
UNAMI, Iraq (Staff Officer and Peacekeeping Troops)
2008
35
UNMIT, Timor-Leste (Military Observer)
2008
36
MINURSO, Morocco (Military Observer)
2010
37
UNMISS, South Sudan (Military Observers and Peacekeeping Troops)
2011
38
UNSMIS, Syria (Staff Officers)
2012
39
UNISFA, Sudan (Military Observers and Staff Officers)
2012
40
MINUSMA, Mali (Peacekeeping Troops)
2013
41
MINUSCA, Central African Republic (Military Observers and Staff Officers)
2014
42
UNSMIL, Lybia (Peacekeeping Troops)
2016

Present Participation


As of  30, Sep 2018, the Nepali Army has deployed across 12 missions around the world. As a troop contributing country, Nepal ranks fifth in the world. Currently, Nepali Army has some 5037 soldiers including 161 female soldiers serving in 12 different missions around the globe. Nepal has a commitment to provide up to 5000 peacekeepers should the UN so request.

SN

Mission

Country

Total

Military Observer

Staff Officer

Total

Rem.

1

MONUSCO

Congo

701

9

9

894

 

MECH. BN

ENG COY

175

2

UNMISS

South Sudan

700

13

37

1750

 

SIB

 

FRB

850

 

HRC

150

 

3

UNAMID

Sudan

175

5

11

366

 

F.R. Coy

S.R. Coy

175

4

MINURSO

Morocco

 

5

 

5

 

5

UNISFA

Sudan

 

1

5

6

 

6

UNTSO

Israel

 

4

 

4

 

7

UNIFIL

Lebanon

850

 22

872

None MSA Staff-8

8

MINUSMA

Mali

140

3

13

156

 

9

UNDOF

Syria

 

 

10

333

 

FHQ Support

140

 

ENG PL

30

 

Mech Inf.

153

 

10

MINUSCA(MP)

Central African Republic

120

4

11

135

 

MINUSCA(HRPB) 209     209  

11

UNAMI

Iraq

77

 

 

77

 

12

UNSMIL

Libiya

229

 1

 

230

 

Total

4878

45

118

5037

 

Present Participation as of 30 Sep 2018

* Total Women Participation 1153
* Current Women Participation 161

BIRENDRA PEACE OPERATIONS TRAINING CENTRE

Birendra Peace Operational Training Centre

The requirement for United Nations Peace Support Operations related training along with institutional memories brought back from all these missions resulted in the establishment of a training Centre in Panchkhal in 1986 on an ad hoc basis. In January 2000, an international multi platoon training exercise “Ex Shanti Prayas-I” co-sponsored by US Pacific Command was organized in this Centre, which paved the way to turn the ad hoc Centre into the full fledged “Birendra Peace Operations Training Centre” (BPOTC) with a mission to provide a nucleus of expertise within the Nepali Army, responsible for the development of Peace Support Operations.

More information of BPOTC can be found at www.bpotc.mil.np